Temperature is one of the most important elements for the successful cultivation of vegetables. Maintaining an adequate temperature during the cultivation process functions. As a decisive factor in improving the quality, quantity and size of the crop. In turn, regulating temperature correctly also promotes productivity and plant health.
Temperature control during vegetable cultivation can be critical. As inadequate high or low temperature during the growth stage can affect crop yield. For example, excessive temperature in greenhouses can lead to crop deterioration and poor crop quality. Which will reduce yields and may even result in plant death. On the other hand, inadequate low temperature can slow plant growth. Cause the accumulation of unwanted sugars and nutrients. And, in some cases, end in a poor harvest.
Proper temperature control during vegetables growing helps improve plant health and increase crop yield and quality
Temperature control is essential to allow plant growth and development to occur naturally. When temperature is properly controlled. Growers can ensure that their crops receive sufficient nutrients, oxygen and light. As well as adequate moisture, for optimal growth.
During the summer months. It is important to maintain a cool temperature in the greenhouse to prevent heat from spoiling crops. This includes opening windows and roofs to allow for heat transfer. Which will help keep the temperature at an optimal level. In addition, it is also advisable to make adjustments. To the amount of sunlight entering the greenhouses by using canopies to avoid heat spikes.
While during the winter months. It is important to keep in mind that warmth in greenhouses can be a problem for crops. Growers should take additional measures to keep the temperature at an optimal level. This includes using “thermal fences” that maintain better temperature regulation. Which help keep the temperature not too high and not too low.
In addition, growers should also keep an eye on the stage of cultivation
To establish whether the temperature needs to be regulated in any way. For example, during germination, crops have specific temperature needs for successful germination. Similarly, during the growth stage, growers must monitor temperature to keep it at optimal levels for their crop.
As you can see, maintaining the right temperature during the growing process is key to ensuring crop success. Proper temperature regulation helps improve plant health and crop yields. This requires constant monitoring to ensure that the temperature is correct for the crop. Proper temperature regulation not only helps improve productivity, but also improves crop quality, which translates into better profitability for growers.
Vegetables that need shade netting application
Many fruits and vegetables in orchards and gardens require additional protection to produce healthy food; one of the most effective protective measures is shade netting. Shade netting is a form of construction also known as “shade cloth”. Which consists of a fabric mesh made of oligonods and synthetic fibers, which is stretched over a supporting structure. This mesh keeps the cultivation area at a homogeneous temperature. Avoiding the high incidence of direct light and sunlight. Allowing the necessary nutrients to pass through to obtain more nutritious products. In addition to preventing erosion and wind with the same effectiveness.
As for vegetable gardens, the application of shade netting provides a shaded climate. Ideal for products such as lettuce, onions, asparagus, radishes or arugula. These vegetables thrive in less light and cooler temperature environments. Which shade netting can provide even in hot and humid climates. In addition, other crops such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplants also benefit from the use of shade netting. As they prevent reddening and discoloration of the fruits.
Zucchini and melons are often found in large nurseries that require high protection from excessive heat
Better withstanding exposure to afternoon sun. Therefore, these vegetables perform best if placed under a dark netting. Which will prevent the entry of direct sunlight, especially in summer periods. This will contribute to a higher yield and purity of these products, as their young coating will be better preserved. Potatoes are a crop that benefits from the shade netting for its flowering and development. The netting will limit direct sunlight incidence for better root nutrition. As well as reduce surface temperature and improve nutrient absorption. Thus, a shade net will provide better tuber growth and fruiting.
As we have seen, the addition of a shade net to orchards and gardens offers extra protection for planting fruits and vegetables. Shade netting is an efficient and economical alternative for regulating soil temperature and maintaining optimal sunlight for the production of healthy and nutritious vegetables.
Damage caused by high temperature on a vegetables crop
High temperature in a vegetable crop is considered one of the greatest risks to food production. Hot weather can affect the quality and quantity of vegetable crops and damage the health of growers. Intense heat caused by high temperature affects photosynthesis, growth cycle and plant production. High temperature levels can affect vegetable crops in a variety of ways, from reduced plant vigor to disruption of the growth cycle.
One of the most visible effects of high temperature is the heat stress it causes in vegetable crops. This usually means lower yields, lower quality and reduced production. Heat stress affects the metabolic and physiological processes of the plant, affecting its growth rate, flowering development and fruit development, among others. This stress also affects seed germination, transpiration, energy metabolism and nutrient absorption, so plants are sensitive to changes in temperature.
In addition, to consider an important factor are very high night temperatures. This can reduce the amount of nitrogen available to the plant, which reduces the rate of development. This also decreases disease resistance and fruit and vegetable stability. Very high temperatures at night can cause damage to leaves and fruit, reducing quality and yield.
Farmers also suffer from the harmful effects of high temperature
Farmers work for hours in their plantations under high temperatures. This leads to an increased risk of dehydration and heat-related diseases. High temperatures also reduce farmers’ resistance to work, and increase the risk of heat-related injuries. There are a number of measures that can help growers reduce the impact of high temperature on vegetable growing. These options range from artificial shade, irrigation, high quality fertilizers and the installation of cooling systems. The use of high quality reagents can also improve crop quality.
High temperature levels in a vegetable field can have a major impact on yield and quality. High temperature can affect the growth cycle of plants, their metabolism, nutrient uptake, seed germination and disease resistance. Exposure to extreme temperatures can also affect the health of growers. There are several options to reduce the impact of high temperature, such as the use of artificial shade, high quality fertilizers, irrigation and cooling systems. These measures will help maintain plant health and crop quality, as well as protect farmers from the heat.